Reviewed by Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Take the Alcohol Quiz First! Before reading this FAQ, challenge yourself and
Test your Knowledge!
Q:What is the "French paradox"?
A:The French paradox is the fact that French people have a lower death rate from heart disease than Americans, despite consuming a similar amount of high-fat food, smoking more, and exercising less.
Q:There are no long-term effects of heavy alcohol consumption. True or false?
Q:Symptoms of alcohol poisoning can include coughing blood. True or false?
Q:What are symptoms of alcoholism?
A:Cravings, loss of control, physical dependence, and tolerance.
Q:Alcohol can be stored in the body and the brain. True or false?
Q:In most states, you are legally driving under the influence with a blood alcohol concentration of .08%. True or false?
A:In all U.S. states, driving with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.08% or above qualifies as a crime.
Q:How long does it take to have enough alcohol in your blood to measure?
A:About five minutes after drinking alcohol, there is enough in the bloodstream to be measured.
Q:What is the effect of alcohol on food?
A:Alcohol causes people to eat more.
Q:Why do women have higher blood alcohol concentrations than men?
A:Men are heavier than women and have relatively more water and less fat in their bodies.
Q:At a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.39%, what can we infer?
A:Mild impairment of judgment can occur with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of as low as 0.05%. Judgment and reasoning are definitely impaired at a BAC of 0.08%. At 0.29% BAC, there is severe motor impairment and irregular breathing. Death is likely from low blood pressure and cessation of breathing at a BAC greater than 0.39%.
Q:Caffeine and alcoholic drinks with caffeine slow intoxication and speed sobering. True or false?
Q:There are many types of alcohol. Intoxication as we know it is caused by which form of alcohol?
A:When we speak of alcohol, we are generally referring to ethanol.
Q:What does it mean to "metabolize" alcohol?
A:Metabolism is the processing and elimination of any substance from the body.
Q:What is cirrhosis?
A:Cirrhosis is a form of scarring of the liver that develops after repeated and long-term damage to the cells of the liver.
Q:Two glasses of wine consumed by a pregnant woman twice week is found to be safe for the developing fetus. True or false?
Q:About how many people die each year due to alcohol abuse in the United States?
A:Almost 88,000 deaths occur in the U.S. each year due to alcohol abuse.
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